Western africa - decolonization and the regaining of independence: the end of the colonial period and the establishment during 1957–76 of all the former colonies as independent states was attributable both to a change in european attitudes toward africa and the possession of colonies and to an african reaction to colonial rule born of the economic and social changes it had produced. British propagandists noted that germany had military conscription and britain did not, and the british countered that german rule in africa would lead to conscription for local people in november 1884, bismarck called a 14-nation conference to settle european rivalry in africa. The british government was “vividly aware of rapid changes in the vast expanses of western french and belgian africa,” and under macmillan’s decolonisation policy south africa, cameroon, british somaliland, nigeria, and sierra leone were all granted independence.
The british colonial government used indirect rule in most of her colonies in africa because of the following reasons 1 britain drew more attention to her colony in india, thus it was difficult for her to introduce direct rule in africa. British vs french colonial rule in west africa map of french west africa interrupted by british colonies (sierra leone, liberia, gold coast, nigeria, parts of cameroon, the gambia) circa 1937 “france is in africa to make frenchmen out of the africans,” explains derwent whittlesey in the january 1937 edition of foreign affairs. South africa posed a particular problem as much of the resident white population was hostile to british rule and attempted to evade it at every opportunity the outlawing of slavery throughout the british empire in 1833 further antagonised the slave owning boers who felt doubly aggrieved at not receiving adequate compensation. British and french styles of influence in colonial and independent africa: france espoused an additional goal of transforming the african historical analysis of british and french colonial rule in africa to understand the institutions in.
Indirect rule is a system of governance used by the british and french to control parts of their colonial empires, particularly in africa and asia, through pre-existing indigenous power structures these dependencies were often called protectorates or trucial states. The british appraoch was called indirect rule and was applied to all of nigeria including southeastern nigeria the problems of colonial governance in this period are striking contemplate the differences in the cultural values of the european and the colonized. From october 11, 1899, until may 31, 1902, the second boer war (also known as the south african war and the anglo-boer war) was fought in south africa between the british and the boers (dutch settlers in southern africa) the boers had founded two independent south african republics (the orange free. Defining indirect rule why indirect rule the british administrative structure france in west africa : a skeletal structure defining assimilation the french african vs non- french african the french administrative structure comparison of the two systems recurring questions.
Association, africa (western colonialism) while the british adopted the system of indirect rule, the portuguese used assimilation, the dutch used racial segregation, and the germans used colonialism whatever it was called, the systems were broadly the same and in algeria, where nationalists engaged france in a bloody independence. Transcript of indirect vs direct rule in africa direct rule for the french was successful british colonies included: gold coast, sierra leone, nigeria, rhodesia, union of south america french controlled: west africa, algeria, tunisia and morocco cecil rhodes expanded the british empire. Indirect rule was characteristic of the british rule in africa during the 18th and 19th century not all british colonies were under indirect rule burma for example experienced direct rule.
British institutions and culture are more conducive to growth and poverty alleviation than those of france strategies pursued by the british and french and cameroon present a “hard case” for the the arbitrary nature of colonial boundaries in africa provided the starting point for a. The king of swaziland, africa’s last absolute monarchy, has announced that his country has changed its name to the kingdom of eswatini to mark 50 years since independence from british rule. Britain takes control of the cape this period saw one of the largest stages of british settlement in africa, and approximately 4,000 settlers arrived in the cape, in around 60 different parties, between april and june 1820 which gradually deprived them of their independence and subjugated them to british colonial rule.
British colonial policies in south africa a direct rule vs indirect rule b assimilation vs preservation of traditional society, customs and laws france, germany, turkey, austria and italy)—this had given germany a great deal of power over britain before ww1. I will use british and french colonization in africa as an example of indirect rule after the scramble for africa, british and french colonies in africa were mainly ruled indirectly. Mandated territories of great britain (iraq, palestine, transjordan, tanganyika, parts of togo and of the cameroons), the union of south africa (southwest africa), the commonwealth of australia (part of new guinea and contiguous islands of oceania), and of new zealand (west samoa islands) entered the british empire.
Pros of british rule in india cons of british rule in india 20 • anything surprising about this photo what do you think rivalry between france and britain •france expanded control over west and central africa britain began to expand rule in africa justified •teaching africans good government •some imperialists believed actions. Britain, france, germany, belgium, italy, portugal, and spain were competing for power within european power politics this treaty, drawn up without african participation, provided the basis for the subsequent partition, invasion, and colonization of africa by various european powers thus it was somewhat like british indirect rule. Did french rule in west africa as disadvantages front cover image: 1,000 franc banknote, french west africa, 1945 british museum an image of french colonial rule what is happening on this banknote source 1: french west africa banknote 1945 french west africa dissolved france had had a trading station in senegal since. Britain and france followed two very distinct approaches to education in their african colonies (garner and schafer 2006) the british were interested in containing the costs of their colonies and enlisted the help of mission societies to provide education on their behalf cheaply.