The therapeutic use of cannabis sativa (l) in arabic medicine indalecio lozano abstract arab scientists were several centuries ahead of our cur-rent knowledge of the curative power of hemp (cannabis sativa l,cannabaceae. Today, it is widely accepted that marijuana has two main species: cannabis indica and cannabis sativa crossbreeding of indica and sativa strains has also led to a wide variety of hybrid strains indica and sativa strains are thought to have different effects, and people often use them for different purposes. Sativa strains take slightly longer to mature than indica strains and produce higher levels of thc and lower levels of cbd this provides growers with a different option in terms of taste and high with sativa weed providing an uplifting, energetic, often cerebral high. Update of cannabis and its medical use bertha k madras professor of psychobiology cannabis is the preferred designation of the plant cannabis sativa, cannabis indica, and of certain parts of the plant are not under international control the term cannabis will be used instead of marijuana, or other names indigenous to local cultures,. Cannabis sativa is an annual herbaceous flowering plant indigenous to eastern asia but now of cosmopolitan distribution due to widespread cultivation it has been cultivated throughout recorded history, used as a source of industrial fiber, seed oil, food, recreation, religious and spiritual moods and medicineeach part of the plant is harvested differently, depending on the purpose of its use.
Brief description marijuana refers to the dried leaves, flowers, stems, and seeds from the hemp plant, cannabis sativathe plant contains the mind-altering chemical delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (thc) and other related compounds extracts can also be made from the cannabis plant. Cannabis sativa l has been used for medicinal purposes in many cultures for hundreds of years, for example for the treatment of pain, spasms, asthma, insomnia, depression, and loss of appetite. Before continuing with further cultural uses of psychoactive cannabis, a description of the climatic growing conditions and the potency levels of psychoactive cannabis is given in order to emphasize that environmental conditions play a significant part in the cultural use of the cannabis plant. In many different cultures and religions that predate the united states or christianity, the cannabis plant has been used as a spiritual and religious sacrament much like the use of wine in christianity, cannabis has also been used as part of spiritual rituals and ceremonies.
Characteristics of sativa marijuana strains origins of sativa cannabis strains cannabis cultivars coming from the tropical and sub-tropical areas of the planet – africa, south and central america and asia – are normally called sativa strains. Fig 1 major uses of industrial hemp basic categories of cannabis and their field architecture cannabis sativa is an annual wind-pollinated plant, normally dioecious and dimorphic, although sometimes monoecious (mostly in several modern european fiber cultivars) figure 2 presents the basic morphology of the species some special hybrids, obtained by pollinating females of dioecious lines. Unlike sativa strains, which tend to grow tall and lanky, indica strains tend to grow short and stout in composure (usually between 2-6 feet tall), produce less of a yield (15 to 25 ounces per plant), and are typically more potent (higher thc%) than its sativa counterpart.
There are three distinct types of marijuana leaves and they sit among three different categories sativa, indica and hybrid the plants of cannibis indica and cannabis sativa have been around since the 18 th century with cannabis hybrid as a new introduction. Cannabis, also known as marijuana  (from the mexican spanish marihuana) and by other names, a refers to preparations of the cannabis plant intended for use as a psychoactive drug and as medicine. Many of the displays in our museums are devoted to the cultural aspect of cannabis use pipes and smoking devices from all over the world demonstrate how different cultures have imbibed marijuana and hashish: they illustrate the various ways to smoke weed. Marijuana strains are either pure breeds or hybrid varieties of cannabis, typically of the species cannabis indica or cannabis sativa large variety of weed strains are continually developed to highlight a specific combination of properties of the plant or to establish marketing differentiation. Description and uses industrial hemp is an incredibly useful plant, one with literally tens of thousands of applications industrial hemp (cannabis sativa l subsp sativa var sativa), while closely related to cannabis sativa subsp indica (medicinal cannabis), is a very different crop and grown in a very different way.
Medical uses throughout time many cultures around the world have used cannabis to treat pain the most common reasons for using cannabis historically have been for childbirth, headaches, and chronic back pain unlike the opium poppy there is no known physical addiction to marijuana today there are eleven states that have some legalization of marijuana. 10,000-year history of marijuana use in the world 8,000+ bce use of hemp cord in pottery identified at ancient village site dating back over 10,000 years, located in the area of modern day taiwan finding hemp use and cultivation in this date range puts it as one of the first and oldest known human agriculture crops. Medicinal use: cannabis has a very long history of medicinal use it has been traditionally used by different cultures in treatment of various types of ailments: asthma, cystitis, diarrhea, dysentery, gonorrhea, gout, epilepsy, malaria, fevers etc. I also recommend getting the two types (one indica and one sativa) vape to find which one you like best and at point of the day keeping in mind that different strains have different effects/affects. The african dagga cultures most deleterious to the physical powers is the almost universal habit of vehemently inhaling the smoke of the cannabis sativa or wild hemp in a light atmosphere, such as we have in hot days in the tropics, with the thermometer rising to 140 fahr in the sun, these people, with lungs and vitals injured by.
Like indica strains, calling a strain a sativa means something different for marijuana consumers than it does for growers if indicas are the “downers” of the cannabis family, sativas are the. Cannabis sativa ssp sativa marijuana cannabis sativa ssp sativa var sativa or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted belowthis plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above description of values value class food. Scientific/medical name(s): cannabis sativa description marijuana plants were made into fiber for rope and textiles, oil was taken from its seeds, and some cultures used it in and even different crops of marijuana plants can have varying amounts of these.
Marijuana (cannabis) is a green, brown or gray mixture of dried, shredded leaves, stems, seeds and flowers of the hemp plant cannabis sativa marijuana is used as a psychoactive (ie mind altering) recreational drug, for certain medical ailments and for religious and spiritual purposes. Getting started with medical marijuana modern research suggests that cannabis is a valuable aid in the treatment of a wide range of clinical applicationsthese include pain relief — particularly neuropathic pain — nausea, spasticity, glaucoma, and movement disorders.